Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

Information

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde.

Details

From St-Malo its a nice drive north up the coast and you can park quite close to Varde's entrance. Varde was originally a Vauban fort like most around the French coast and then taken over after occupation and turned into a Ra109 a very strong defence position covering the top of the bay at Rothéneuf.
1 x R120.
1 x R611.
1 x R611/SK.
1 x R667.
1 x R600.
1 x R112a.
1 x 653.
1 x 506c.
1 x R621.
1 x R622/SK.
1 x R502.
1 x 622/SK Machinenstand
2 x R622.
1 x Vf61a.
3 x Vf58c.
1 x Vf58c searchlight (DCA).
1 x 5cm KwK L/42.
2 x 5cm KwK L/60.
1 x 4.7cm Pak K.36.
2 x 7.5cm F.K.243(h).
1 x 2cm Flak 30.

image

7.5cm F.K.243(h).

image

R611 casemate.

image

Vf61a Tobruk for an 81mm mortar.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde.

Information

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde.

Details

Red arrows - 2 x 7.5cm F.K.243(h) guns.
Yellow arrows - 2 x 5cm KwK L/60 guns.
Green arrow - 1 x 4.7cm Pak K.36(t)

image

 

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

Plan

Information

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde Plan.

Details

Plan of the Wn showing the direction of fire from all the guns, the yellow dot was a Tobruk with a search light attached to it.

image

The top of the steel dome in the R120 overlooking the bay.

image

Vauban outer wall of Varde.

image

Vauban dry moat.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde.

Details

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde the view from St-Malo sea front showing the Pointe de la Varde and the Vauban fort in the centre.

image

Varde under attack by the Americans. The view from St-Malo.

image

Pre war postcard of Varde.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde.

Details

R506 a casemate for a 4.7cm Pak(t)

image

Varde plan.

image

R506 plan.

image

4.7cm Pak gun.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde.

Details

With on the left an R600 and right the cupola of an R122.
The R112 is a six embrasure turret (cupola) a steel turret fixed in concrete and has six embrasures so that a machine gun could move from window to window as the gun was needed. also a periscope was set into the centre of the cupola.
R600 a casemate here for a 5cm KwK L/60.

image

Varde plan.

image

 

image

The type of fortress machine gun fitting.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R600 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Pak L/60.

Details

R600 you would have seen as an open emplacement but here a casemate has been built over it in around 1944.

image

How it would have looked without its cupola was fitted.

image

This is an R600 open emplacement but here a cap has been placed over the top.

image

R600 at Varde.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R600 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Pak L/60.

Details

Some additional details will go here

image

5cm KwK.

image

 

image

5cm ammunition boxes on Omaha beach.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R600 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Pak L/60.

Details

A trench leading to the rear of the R600 now very hard to walk through.

image

Crew room in an R600 at Ra107.

image

The ammunition in an R600 at Ra107.

image

Plan of an R600 with crew room on the left and ammunition room on the right.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R600 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Pak L/60.

Details

 

image

5cm KwK Pak L/60 model with a muzzle break.

image

5cm KwK Pak L/60.

image

How it may have looked when captured

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R600 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Pak L/60

Details

You can see the glasses of the R600 underneath.

image

R600 plan the arrow showing where the glacés is.

image

R600 Varde plan.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R667 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Gun.

Details

With its flanking wall covering its seaward side.

image

Varde map R667.

image

R667 casemate.

image

An R667 with its gun.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R667 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Gun.

Details

Ammunition was stored in the left hand niche and fired cases were put into the square hole in the back wall to remove them from gun room. The gun would have been bolted to the floor.

image

 

image

 

image

Ammunition boxes.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R667 Casemate escape..

Details

A standard R667 does not have a crew bunker underneath it. But this R667 does seem to have an escape, so putting them together means there must be an underground bunker of some sort???

image

The escape coming up the side of the casemate.

image

Looking down into the escape with its steel ladder rungs still in place.

image

Plan of how an escape works from the underground bunker.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R667 Casemate for a 5cm KwK Gun.

Details

Rear entrance usually would have had a blast wall across the rear.

image

 

image

 

image

R600 left, R667 right.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Main Gate of Fort de la Varde.

Details

I would imagine a double door and a lifting draw bridge would have been here pre war.

image

To the left of the entrance is a steel hand hold to climb up to the left hand Tobruk.

image

How the gate may have looked.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Tobruk covering the entrance

Details

 

image

Varde plan.

image

Tobruk position.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

The second Tobruk.

Details

This one is to the left of the gate on the inland side.

image

Vauban fort Varde plan..

image

 

image

Yellow - the two Tobruk's.
Red - Vf61a mortar Tobruk.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

An older view of the above Tobruk.

Details

Here is another photo showing how this Tobruk could cover the entrance and rears of the R600 and R667 below them.

image

 

image

Inside a Tobruk.

image

Plan view of a Tobruk.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Fort Varde.

Details

This is the view inside the fort from the eastern gate, there would have been a large barrack block on the right side now completely removed.

image

French barracks.

image

The barracks sitting high above the fort walls.

image

The view from above.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R622 Twin Group Bunker.

Details

Now sealed up.

image

Plan of the fort.

image

Plan of an R622 twin group bunker.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Vf67a.

Details

A Vf61a is a Tobruk for an 81mm mortar.

image

Vf61a Tobruk.

image

Inside a mortar Tobruk.

image

81mm mortar.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Vauban Chamber.

Details

Some additional details will go here

image

Photo into the chamber.

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R611/SK casemate for a field gun.

Details

A very large casemate for such a small gun set into the outer wall of the fort. Normally a 611 has a Tobruk on the rear but hear it was not needed so never built.

image

R6110/SK plan.

image

This casemate has been built into the outer wall.

image

IR6110/SK viewing to the embrasure and the forts wall.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R611 casemate for a field gun.

Details

The rear entrance where the gun would pass through into the centre passage.

image

7.5cm F.K.243(h) a Dutch gun captured and put back into use by the Germans.

image

How it may have looked in a captured casemate embrasure in Normandy.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Front of the R611 cut into the forts outer Wall.

Details

You can see how the forts wall has been re built as camouflage.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Casemate embrasure.

Details

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Gun room.

Details

The gun trails would have fitted into the half round steels set into the floor. The passage leads to a steel rear double door and then on the right, ammunition rooms and left crew room.

image

 

image

Plan of the R611 here.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde.

image
00-00-00

Information

Gun room.

Details

The half round marks in the floor are for the guns trail to rest in so it does not jump backwards when firing.

image

Man hole cover to spent case store under the floor.

image

Spent shell case room under casemate floor.

image

Shell cases stacked up.

Name

image
25 November 2013

Information

Gun room.

Details

This is where the gun would sit and fire over the bay across St Malo.

image

here

image

7.5cm F.K.243(h).

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

The Passage Down the Centre.

Details

Graffiti artists - GET A BLOODY LIFE what an absolute mess. There is nothing artistic here 'Banksy'.

image

R611 plan.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Door to the crew room.

Details

Several doors are still in place.

image

19P7 door, a steel door with gas tight seal around it and a small glass viewing window.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R611 Crew Room

Details

The close combat defence covering the rear door, you can see through the open window right out of the back door.

image

R611 plan.

image

How to use a close combat embrasure properly.

image

I think it may be a 483p2 close combat window.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Periscope Fitting.

Details

This bunker had a telescope for viewing its all around defence. It may have helped to target the gun but that usually came from forward observers or from the R120 observation post.

image

 

image

 

image

The armoured hole for the periscope on the roof.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Ammunition door.

Details

A 434p01 steel door.

image

434p01 door.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Case room.

Details

Two ammunition rooms case and shell.

image

Possibly the case room where the shells propellant was stored. It came in small brass cases and filled with bags of cordite propellant. The amount of cordite put in them adjusted the guns range as well as hiring the barrel.

image

Shell & case.

image

10.5cm powder propellant in its wooden box.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R611 left and French barracks.

Details

.

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

French toilets.

Details

A row of Turkish toilets. (Turkish is the name of this toilet design)

image

A Turkish toilet.

image

Men reading in the toilet, I bet the Romans did the same.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

French toilets.

Details

 

image

 

image

Pissing by numbers.

image

Turkish toilet at Varde.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Toilet drains.

Details

And this is where it all went and then out to sea.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Looking towards the pointe viewed from the R611 in the middle of the picture is another Tobruk.

Details

 

image

The Tobruk.

image

Position of Tobruk.

image

Plan of a Tobruk.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

We are now at the second R611.

Details

Yes me about to tackle a cliff edge to enter the R611.

image

Its the Gorilla in me!!!

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

R611.

Details

The R611 from the other side.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

R611 Gun room.

Details

 

image

 

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R611 gun room and passage.

Details

Standard R611.

image

Plan of this R611 with its Tobruk defence

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

The area the guns protected.

Details

 

image

Gun positions.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

View back at the Fort.

Details

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Two railway lines for a search light.

Details

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R622 with twin Tobruk's.

Details

Some additional details will go here

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R622 with twin Tobruk's.

Details

Yellow arrow is the periscope fitting.
Red arrows the two Tobruk's.

image

 

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 Artillery Observation Post with an armoured turret.

Details

A type 441PO1 steel cupola still in place.

image

Side view of an R120.

image

Plan of an R120.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 close combat defence window.

Details

An interesting window moulded concrete has been used in front of steel plate behind.

image

Plan of the R120.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 bunker entrance.

Details

The second close combat window covering this entrance corridor.

image

Close combat defence machine gun.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 main close combat defence room.

Details

In the distance the escape hatch.

image

Plan of the R120.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 ammunition space.

Details

It looks as though there was a second gas filtration unit on the far wall or the iron metal loop sticking out of the wall held unused gas filters.

image

R120 plan.

image

Gas filters.

image

Gas filter pump.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 escape.

Details

 

image

View down the escape tunnel.

image

Layout of an escape tunnel.

image

410p9 escape door.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 crew room.

Details

 

image

R120 plan.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R120 view from the chart room to the observation turret.

Details

Chart room to the observation turret is a small passage opening out to a circular space with the turret above.

image

R120 plan.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 observation turret.

Details

The base of the turret and the base tube for the periscope.

image

Periscope in use in a bunker.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 base of turret.

Details

The view up into the turret showing the turret floor, the circular hole is for the periscope fitted through. The left hand square hole is the access where a ladder used to fit (picture below).

image

How it looked a few years ago with its ladder and braces still in place. 25 June 2002.

image

Inside the cupola.

image

One of the observation holes.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R120 turret observation hole.

Details

A special machine gun could be placed through this and any other hole and fired by its operative and a commander below would have viewed through the periscope and commanded the machine gunner where to fire.

image

How it may have looked inside.

image

The machine gun possibly an MG Schartenlafette 34Td Rh Blatt1.

image

20p7 type dome.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 crew room

Details

Note the sliding doors, this bunker has several.

image

R120 plan.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Commanders room sliding door.

Details

One of the sliding doors in the commanders room and also on the left the close combat window covering the main entrance passage.

image

R120 plan.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

The view from the entrance.

Details

The way out of the R120 and it would have gone into an extensive trench system now covered over.

image

R120 plan.

image

Varde plan.

image

A trench system.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R120 bunker cupola 441P01 type.

Details

A very strong steel cupola with six embrasures and a periscope in the top. A fortress machine gun mounting could fire through all the embrasures with special blanking fittings to fit into the embrasures not in use.

image

Blanking plug, hinged and could be swivelled into position.

image

Blanking plug in a cupola at Ra230 Fort de Cite de Aleth.

image

A cupola that was used in Cherbourg.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R120 looking over the bay.

Details

 

image

 

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

Trenches.

Details

There were many trenches around the Varde defence.

image

More trenches

image

Soldiers being inspected.

image

Digging trenches.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R653 casemate for a 5cm KwK L/42 Gun.

Details

This seems to be rather rare bunker, Holland had six and AOK7 (Normandy & Brittany) nine. A very extensive bunker for such a small gun.

image

5cm KwK L/42 gun.

image

Fitted into a casemate.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Concrete shield.

Details

Like others I believe this is part of a French rifle range. This was one of the firing points.

image

R653 casemate for a 5cm gun.

image

Rifle range.

image

German troops firing on a range.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Gun room.

Details

A gun room for a 5cm KwK L/42 Pak gun and would have been set into the floor.

image

R653 casemate plan.

image

Image Caption

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

R653 Gun room.

Details

The gun would have sat on the floor here and fired down into the valley covering the inland north - north/east flank.

image

 

image

Where the gun would cover.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R653 crew room.

Details

Crew room with the close combat window covering the rear entrance, the gas filtration system and the passage to the gas lock and way out.
The yellow arrow shows where and armoured piercing bullet has penetrated the close combat window.

image

Crew room.

image

Close combat defence.

image

Gas filtration system.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R653 internals.

Details

A crushed door. This bunker has been badly damaged either by the French post war or the Americans training for attacking bunkers to help them as they move through Brittany.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R653 gun room.

Details

There is a lot of damage done here.

image

Plan of Varde.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

Trench down to a Tobruk and on to the pointe.

Details

Nice trench system allowing the guard to reach the Tobruk in safety.

image

 

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

The point where another smaller fort sat.

Details

This was a lookout and small Vauban gun emplacement probably up graded for WW1 and in the 1930's..

image

The French lookout that sat on the top.

image

French Poilu.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

The pointe lookout.

Details

 

image

The French lookout that sat on the top.

image

French officers observing.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

R622/SK twin group bunker.

Details

This R622 has an extra storage that in other bunkers may have been used for extra water storage.

image

Image Caption

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R622/SK twin group bunker.

Details

This may just be extra storage space for a water tank.

image

One of the two entrances

image

Wasser tank in Wn12 Ouistreham ('Hillman'), Normandy.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

R506c casemate for a 4.7cm Pak (t).

Details

Another huge block of concrete much too large for the gun it mounts.

image

Plan of an R505 Casemate for a 4.7cm Pak (t).

image

Skoda 4.7cm Pak fitting.

image

Gun room with a 770P4 steel gun fitting in place.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

18 March 2006

Information

R506c casemate for a 4.7cm Pak (t).

Details

Close up of the embrasure. The wall (Mur de flaquement) fell off in 2007.

image

R505 at Varde.

image

Casemate with the chute for fired cases to the store below the bunker..

image

Skoda gun and crew.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R506c casemate for a 4.7cm Pak (t).

Details

I think this is a 770P4.

image

Below the 770P4 is a tube where spent cases could be passed down into an storage tank..

image

770P4 from inside where the gun would be attached to..

image

Skoda 4.7cm Pak(t)

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R112a casemate and the forts moat.

Details

R112a set into the corner of the moat and a large metal plate has been fitted.

image

R112a six embrasure turret bunker with a metal plate instead of a close combat defence window.

image

R112a six embrasure turret bunker.

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R112a six embrasure turret bunker.

Details

Sitting neatly in the corner of the moat, the turret covers the S/E corner and the metal plate below covers the moat in both directions.

image

The metal plate.

image

The cupola.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

R112a six embrasure turret bunker.

Details

The cupola or turret a type 35P8.

image

Hinged blanking plug to cover the open embrasure.

image

Close off embrasure.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R112a casemate type 35P8 turret inside.

Details

Asbestos was placed on the inside to insulate from heat & cold.

image

A gunner in place.

image

The machine gun mounting

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R112a casemate type 35P8 turret inside.

Details

The floor with two access holes and centre hole for a periscope.

image

Periscope.

image

Image Caption

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R112a six embrasure turret bunker.

Details

Set down into the moat.

image

View to the left.

image

View strait in front.

image

Yellow arrows are the views on the left.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 June 2002

Information

R112a casemate entrance and metal plate.

Details

Possibly a fortress machine gun mount fitted into one or two of the holes.

image

Fortress machine gun mounting .

image

 

image

 

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

I am not sure what this was?

Details

As you walk towards Fort Varde this piece of concrete sits looking out to sea. It may have been the base of a hut?

image

It looked the same in 1947.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

La Tour du Bonheur.

Details

I thought it may be part of the defences but after a bit of digging I think its the old base of a tower.

image

Cote d'Emeruade
De Rothéneuf à Paramé
Pointe de la Varde
La Tour du Bonheur.

image

Another photo.

Ra109 Pointe de la Varde. image

25 November 2013

Information

 

Details