Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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A small village in Fermanville, two Villas side by side, then a war came and they were requisitioned.
WHY?

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Villa Erika.

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Villa.

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Troops.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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IGNF 1972

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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The Villas and the Leitstand/SK attached.

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Plan.

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1958.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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IGNF 1958

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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A 1958 air photo.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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German plan June 1944

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Red - Defence perimeters.
Yellow - part of the linked outer Cherbourg defence line.
Numbers - the Wn & StP sites.
MF - Minefields
StP234 Batterie Hamburg and its four 24cm ex ships guns, when constructed could fire 360°, but by 1943 and Hitler's directive to casemate all guns. there was a massive drive to build walls and a roof over them.
Wn233 which we are covering here was originally a private house of a wealthy Cherbourgeois businessman. With excellent views over the north coast. So in 1940 when the Germans arrived they found the two houses in Tot de haut, ideal for their uses. One they convert gradually into a fire control post by placing a protective wall around the flat roof. And placing a range finder on it and probably used the house as an office and they strengthening the cellar for overhead protection. Then later gradually build a Leitstand/SK to control the four guns of StP234 Hamburg. Built to SK (Sonderkonstruktionen) standard, was gradually built with a few small bunker/shelters in the gardens and fields around.
StP201 a,b,c & d. Cap Lévi 'Seeadler', a radar station and defence area and when 'Hamburg' engaged the Allied navy on the 23 June 1944. They used Cap Lévi's Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese (Ozet 557) radar serving as a relay to the Mammut Fu.MO 51 at the Asselins station in Cape La Hague. (I am slightly unsure about this. As most of the radars on the coast had been badly disabled by Allied air attacks?) needs more research.

Some Info from Fortifications et Armaments & Axis Hist. Forum.

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Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese.

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USS Texas under fire.

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Mammut Fu.MO 51.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche ---------------------------------------------------------------- Google

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Villa Erika
We really start with some pictures from 'Archives départementales de la Manche' that I found, that shows the house next door and the arrival of German troops to the area in 1940.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Villa Erika
Today.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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These contemporary photos were taken by Fonds Karl Herbst.
Probably Cherbourg central station, soldiers arrive to garrison the Manche area in early 1940.

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In the kit are canteens, blankets, K98 rifles, haversacks and many brown paper, tied with string, parcels.

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Parcels.

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Standard issue gas mask metal case.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Villa Erika
Gardening has started already.

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Villa Erika today.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Troops out on a route march in light order. Keeping fit was very important.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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One of the small Vf bunkers/shelters that were built in and around the garden.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Wooden barrack huts placed under trees to help camouflage them. Not sure where this is.

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Barrack hut at StP277 Batt. York.

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Essentials at StP277 Batt. York.,

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Sergeants mess StP277 Batt. York.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bundesarchiv

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Inside one of the barrack huts with rough tables and chairs. Standard issue wooden cupboards behind, they hold a soldiers complete kit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A good photo of a cupboard and all its kit laid out.

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This is the inside of a cupboard showing how the kit was laid out. 

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Cupboard & beds. (MKB Bunkertour).

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Table & chairs. (MKB Bunkertour).

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Villa
A soldier on lookout from the flat roof of the Villa that will be turned into an observation post. No work has been carried out yet.
Maybe this had given the authorities the idea for using this Villa, due to its prominent views.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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axishistory.com

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Villa (I believe this maybe la Villa La Brise)
The front or south view of the Villa, with an interesting layout of a central stairway and bays either side.
Then a matching brick (probably lined in concrete) wall was built on the flat roof to allow observation and a rangefinder to be placed.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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axishistory.com

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Villa (I believe this maybe la Villa La Brise)
Another view of the Villa showing the roof observation and part of the rangefinder sticking out.
Here to the right of the building is a small bunker. An interesting sloping wall, unusual in most German bunker designs??

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The usual bunker design has vertical walls and a rounded edge.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Villa (I believe this maybe la Villa La Brise)
The north side.
Here it looks as though the Leitstand/SK has been completed and the Todt workers are starting to tidy the area up after construction.

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My plan of the Leitstand/SK.

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Observation.

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Leitstand/SK - Control Room. Meßstellung - Measuring Post. FCP - Fire control post. .

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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SHM

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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This a post war visit by the French military to record the German defences. The use of an officer stood in front, is normal and not a modern selfie. Its to give scale to the photo. Also the rangefinder was moved off the roof of the Villa and placed in an open space on the Leitstand/SK and now has been damaged and pushed over the wall.
Also the French Officer is looking at the 5cm KwK gun that would have been used in its defence. A Tobruk was added somewhere.

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5cm KwK.

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5cm KwK.

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Tobruk Vf58c.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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fortifications-et-armements,clickforum.fr

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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A modern photo showing the Leitstand/SK in recent times.

Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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US Army Signals Corps

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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SHM

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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SHM - Emplacement - Fermanville.
            Utilisation        - P.C. de Tir.

Leitstand/SK/SK
An SHM plan of the Leitstand/SK showing : -
1 - Observation.
2 - Computing room.
3 - Connection to Villa.
4 - Open area for obs. & rangefinder space.

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Over the time the Germans were here, there were at least four observation bunkers of some kind. The Leitstand/SK was finished, this plan of one set into a small gun Ringstand was somewhere in the area and there was to be an M178 Fire control post for medium and heavy batteries.

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M178 the foundations were dug and then the war ended.

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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Archives départementales de la Manche

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Wn233 Tot de haut Leitstand/SK for StP234 Batterie Hamburg

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