Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi)Seeadler

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Wn201b part of StP Cap Lévi a small peninsula sticking into the channel ideally placed to have a radar station.

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Naval Infantry.

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Naval troops.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Cap Lévi

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The view from the StP235 Carneville 'Osteck'.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Google

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Kriegsmarine Station:
2.Funkmess-Abteilung. ID F2 - 253.
1 x Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese (Ozet 557).
1 x FuMO 2 Calais B (Ozet 556).
1 x V229 Fu.MO 214 Würzburg base.
1 x SK/Machinenstand.
2 x SK bunkers.
1 x Feldmässig bunker.
1 x Nr1694 ringstand.
1 x 2cm Flak 28.
1 x 9.4cm Flak (e). British QF 3.7-inch AA gun.
1 x 5cm KwK L/42 Pak.
1 x Wooden Barracks.

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Nr1694 ringstand.

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2cm Flak 28.

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9.4cm Flak (e). British QF 3.7-inch AA gun.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Semaphore

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1 x Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese (Ozet 557):
The FuMO 214 Würzburg Riese was the Kriegsmarine version of the popular Luftwaffe radar. Produced by the company Telefunken it was able to locate naval targets out to 60 km and had an excellent accuracy. It was, therefore, the mainstay of almost any radar station. The Kriegsmarine used the FuMO 214 both in the Seetakt and the Seeart roles, the latter to direct the fire from coastal batteries.
1 x FuMO 2 Calais B (Ozet 556):
The FuMO 2 Calais B or FMG 40 G was produced by the company GEMA and introduced by the Kriegsmarine in 1940 as an improved version of the FuMO 1 Calais. It was able to locate naval targets out to 15-20 km. It was based on the Luftwaffe Freya radar and was located in most naval radar stations. It had one antenna with four rows of vertical dipoles, 16 in each rows.

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Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese.

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FuMO 2 Calais B or FMG 40 G.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
3.7-inch anti-aircraft gun

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The defence of Wn201b was by: -
1 x 2cm Flak 28 Oerlikon.
1 x 9.4cm Flak (e). British QF 3.7-inch AA gun.
1 x 5cm KwK L/42 Pak.

2cm Flak 28 Oerlikon a light AA gun either fitted on a plinth mount or on three legs. Here I would think it was a plinth mount.
5cm KwK L/42 Pak was an ex tank gun, now redundant in tanks and were issued on a mounting to set in concrete with a steel shield and was an exceptional ground defence gun in its fixed position. Usually a Nr1698 ringstand was specially built for the gun.
9.4cm Flak (e). British QF 3.7-inch AA gun, this is very interesting, a captured gun from either the British at Dunkirk, or from Belgian/Norwegian stock. Brought here and used as a very good AA gun. Here we have a big BUT. But in Britain the 3.7 was being updated with a much better computer controlled direction finding systems. Here the 3.7 was the 1939, pre war design and not up dated. And also ammunition was not being manufactured and they would have to use captured ammunition, again now getting on for four/five years old. But for that it was an equal to their own 8.8cm AA gun. MKB Blankensee Wn126 a Marine batterie just along the coast, also had four British QF 3.7-inch AA gun. in casemates and used as a defence gun. So also being a Marine batterie they may have been the lucky/unlucky to be issued British captured stock guns.
Defence troops would have been Marine troops and there was a large minefield around the site and a trench system that wound right the way around behind the minefield. Issued with the K98 rifle and as many machine guns as they could get, they could be used to hold defence strong points.

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2cm Flak 28 Oerlikon (leg mounts).

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2cm Flak 28 Oerlikon (plinth mount).

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5cm KwK L/42 Pak.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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defence plan

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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StP Cap LéviSeeadler is split up between Wn201a, b, c & d. Here we are covering just Wn201b.
Mf23, Mf75 & Mf86 are the mine fields covering the StP.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Air 40/1667 Rhubarb Appendix XII Coastal Radar Stations

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Air 40/1667

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Allied Intelligence assessment of Wn201b.

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Allied int. Officers.

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Code breaking.

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Naval Int.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Air 40/1667 Rhubarb Appendix XII Coastal Radar Stations

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Air 40/1667

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Allied Intelligence assessment plan of Wn201b showing where and what was there. It was reasonably accurate and dated/revised March 1944.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Air 40/1667 Rhubarb Appendix XII Coastal Radar Stations

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Air 40/1667

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Allied Intelligence air photo stating almost the obvious. The RAF systematically took out as many radars as possible before D-Day, so the Germans would be blind. They did leave the ones operational that they wanted to see their decoys. I believe there were six Typhoons that were stationed at RAF Hurn running up to D-Day and the eminent scientist and Intelligence adviser R.V.Jones (A most secret war) would fly down and give them the orders of which radars he wanted attacked.

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The radar does look very damaged.

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Typhoons attacking.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Seckommandant der Nornmandie 14 March 1942 with thanks NARA

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Order of battle for the radar station in 1942 (translated badly by me).

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Maschinenpistolen.

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Handgranatenwurf.

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Sternsignalpistol weiße.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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18 June 1945 with thanks NARA

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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1 - Observation.
2 - Wooden hut (with roof removed).
3 - SK/Machinenstand.
4 - Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese (Ozet 557).
5 - FuMO 2 Calais B (Ozet 556.
6 - Barbed Wire.
7 - French Semaphore.

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2 - Wooden hut.

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1 - Observation.

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4 - Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese (Ozet 557).

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 August 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Beach defences Rommel's Asparagus.

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You can wee the posts about to be erected.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Google

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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FA Beobachtung - Observation bunker and the Semaphore on the right.
The observation, we searched for it this visit in 2020. But did not find it. Its in very thick shrubs now.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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14 April 2003 ---------------------------------------------ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
FA Beobachtung - Observation bunker

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Overlooking the view towards Cherbourg.
The second picture taken on the 30 June 1944.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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14 April 2003

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
FA Beobachtung - Observation bunker

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Inside where a small rangefinder would sit.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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14 April 2003

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
FA Beobachtung - Observation bunker

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The slit, viewing window.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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This maybe a water reservoir to help cool the radars?

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020 ---------------------------------------------ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Barracks

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The base of a wooden barrack building. The second picture is the Barrack building that sat here.

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Inside a large Luftwaffe barracks on the hill at Osteck.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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14 April 2004

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Barracks

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The base of a wooden barrack building.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Barracks

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I have seen small water reservoirs very like this at the Führerhauptquartier ´Wolfsschlucht 2´ (water container).

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Barracks

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The wooden barrack building was bolted down onto the concrete base. You can still see many bold threads sticking up.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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19 July 2020

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Barracks

Details

More bolts.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

Information

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
FuMO 2 Calais B (Ozet 556)

Details

1 x FuMO 2 Calais B (Ozet 556):
The FuMO 2 Calais B or FMG 40 G was produced by the company GEMA and introduced by the Kriegsmarine in 1940 as an improved version of the FuMO 1 Calais. It was able to locate naval targets out to 15-20 km. It was based on the Luftwaffe Freya radar and was located in most naval radar stations. It had one antenna with four rows of vertical dipoles, 16 in each rows.

There does not seem to be a photo of the FuMO 2 Calais B here at Cap Lévi so I have added in one from up on the hill at Fermanville.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese

Details

The French Semaphore sitting behind the Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese (Ozet 557)
1 x Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese (Ozet 557):
The FuMO 214 Würzburg Riese was the Kriegsmarine version of the popular Luftwaffe radar. Produced by the company Telefunken it was able to locate naval targets out to 60 km and had an excellent accuracy. It was, therefore, the mainstay of almost any radar station. The Kriegsmarine used the FuMO 214 both in the Seetakt and the Seeart roles, the latter to direct the fire from coastal batteries.

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Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese

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V229 radar plinth that the radar would have sat on.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Fu.MO 214 Würzburg-See Riese

Details

A better picture of the radar with a 30 AU soldier standing next to it. These photos were taken by British Commandos just after capture by the Americans. Their job was to visit as many secret sites like, radars, radio direction, torpedo, mine storage and also V1 & V2 sites. The HQ. of General Von Slieben and Admiral Hennecke's HQ in Cherbourg removing secret papers, documents, electronics, fuzes and anything else they felt was needed.

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A 30AU soldier.

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General Von Slieben after capture.

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Admiral Hennecke.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Radar

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The demolition charges were never blown and parts of the Würzburg radar. The radars were trashed as well as damaged by the RAF.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

Information

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Radar

Details

Electric motors to drive the radar head and the remains of electronic damaged before the Allies could get it..

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
SK/Machinenstand

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SK/Machinenstand - SK Sonderkonstruktion (Special construction). Machinenstand - generator house.

In here would have been powerful generators to run the power hungry radars.

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MKB Bunkertour picture.

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Large generator.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
Electricity

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By the looks of this electricity post they also used mains electricity.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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ADM 202-598 30 Assault Unit - Photos - Vol 1’

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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X Troop 30th Assault-Unit Royal Marine Commandos at Littlehampton, Sussex - September in 1944.
It also says on the left In 'Training For The Invasion of Europe Up to June 1944'.

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30 AU Commando, Royal Marines. They included Royal Navy, British Army, RAF, and attached civilian specialists. No.30 Commando, from 1943-1946 known as 30 Assault Unit, was a British Commando unit during the Second World War, originally formed to gather intelligence.

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B Troop 33RM section 30AU Jan 45.

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RM Trooper.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Air 40/1667 Rhubarb Appendix XII Coastal Radar Stations ----------------------------------------------- NARA

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler
TARGET

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Very low level air photo of the light house at Cap Lévi and the radar target behind and a montage of many photos added together to show what was in the area. It shows the Cap Lévi light and also Wn201c 3 x Flak guns but also a searchlight.

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Spitfire PRU.

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Photo reconnaissance Spitfire cameras.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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SÉMAPHORE - LEVY (MANCHE) Int.

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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The original semephore.

Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

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Wn201b Semaphore (StP Cap Lévi) Seeadler

Details

Thanks to Pete for the original photos and Sebastien Deviere for his help and detail.